stat - phpMan

File: coreutils.info,  Node: stat invocation,  Next: sync invocation,  Prev: du invocation,  Up: Disk usage
14.3 `stat': Report file or file system status
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`stat' displays information about the specified file(s).  Synopsis:
     stat [OPTION]... [FILE]...
   With no option, `stat' reports all information about the given files.
But it also can be used to report the information of the file systems
the given files are located on.  If the files are links, `stat' can
also give information about the files the links point to.
   Due to shell aliases and built-in `stat' command, using an unadorned
`stat' interactively or in a script may get you different functionality
than that described here.  Invoke it via `env' (i.e., `env stat ...')
to avoid interference from the shell.
`-L'
`--dereference'
     Change how `stat' treats symbolic links.  With this option, `stat'
     acts on the file referenced by each symbolic link argument.
     Without it, `stat' acts on any symbolic link argument directly.
`-f'
`--file-system'
     Report information about the file systems where the given files
     are located instead of information about the files themselves.
`-c'
`--format=FORMAT'
     Use FORMAT rather than the default format.  FORMAT is
     automatically newline-terminated, so running a command like the
     following with two or more FILE operands produces a line of output
     for each operand:
          $ stat --format=%d:%i / /usr
          2050:2
          2057:2
`--printf=FORMAT'
     Use FORMAT rather than the default format.  Like `--format', but
     interpret backslash escapes, and do not output a mandatory
     trailing newline.  If you want a newline, include `\n' in the
     FORMAT.  Here's how you would use `--printf' to print the device
     and inode numbers of `/' and `/usr':
          $ stat --printf='%d:%i\n' / /usr
          2050:2
          2057:2
`-t'
`--terse'
     Print the information in terse form, suitable for parsing by other
     programs.

   The valid FORMAT directives for files with `--format' and `--printf'
are:
   * %a - Access rights in octal
   * %A - Access rights in human readable form
   * %b - Number of blocks allocated (see `%B')
   * %B - The size in bytes of each block reported by `%b'
   * %d - Device number in decimal
   * %D - Device number in hex
   * %f - Raw mode in hex
   * %F - File type
   * %g - Group ID of owner
   * %G - Group name of owner
   * %h - Number of hard links
   * %i - Inode number
   * %n - File name
   * %N - Quoted file name with dereference if symbolic link
   * %o - I/O block size
   * %s - Total size, in bytes
   * %t - Major device type in hex
   * %T - Minor device type in hex
   * %u - User ID of owner
   * %U - User name of owner
   * %x - Time of last access
   * %X - Time of last access as seconds since Epoch
   * %y - Time of last modification
   * %Y - Time of last modification as seconds since Epoch
   * %z - Time of last change
   * %Z - Time of last change as seconds since Epoch
   When listing file system information (`--file-system' (`-f')), you
must use a different set of FORMAT directives:
   * %a - Free blocks available to non-super-user
   * %b - Total data blocks in file system
   * %c - Total file nodes in file system
   * %d - Free file nodes in file system
   * %f - Free blocks in file system
   * %i - File System ID in hex
   * %l - Maximum length of file names
   * %n - File name
   * %s - Block size (for faster transfers)
   * %S - Fundamental block size (for block counts)
   * %t - Type in hex
   * %T - Type in human readable form
   Time stamps are listed according to the time zone rules specified by
the `TZ' environment variable, or by the system default rules if `TZ'
is not set.  *Note Specifying the Time Zone with `TZ': (libc)TZ
Variable.
   An exit status of zero indicates success, and a nonzero value
indicates failure.